Two investigators M. Habitual Chocolate Intake and Vascular Disease: To the best of our knowledge, no systematic review and meta-analysis has compared simultaneously the effects of multiple dietary factors on all-cause mortality, cardiovascular disease, cancer disease and risk of type 2 diabetes.
Non-linear dose-response relation: In all other cases, studies were classified as being overall at high risk of bias. Selection of Articles The titles and abstracts of the identified studies were screened by one investigator M.
Evidence that the antioxidant flavonoids in tea and cocoa are beneficial for cardiovascular health. Br J Nutr 4: We do not expect high missing data rate, since this phenomenon is not common in meta-analysis of observational studies [ 151822 ]. Chocolate conusmption and mortality following a first acute myocardial infarction: When a study was published in duplicate, we will include the version containing the most comprehensive information latest information in the case of follow-up studies.
We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies to summarize the evidence regarding the relation of dietary LA intake and CHD risk. Conflict of interest The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Nutrients 7 9: When a study provides several risk estimates, the multivariate adjusted model will be chosen. J Nutr Health Aging 17 For more information, see the Bookshelf Copyright Notice. Cardiovasc Res.
Diabet Med. PLoS One 11 8: Am J Clin Nutr 92 1: Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. Arch Intern Med Thornton A, Lee P Publication bias in meta-analysis: High vs. Weisburger JH. The analyses were performed by SAS version 9.
Hamling J, Lee P, Weitkunat R, Ambuhl M Facilitating meta-analyses by deriving relative effect and precision estimates for alternative comparisons from a set of estimates presented by exposure level or disease category.
However, this analysis was based on a limited number of studies with some erroneous data. The most commonly used techniques for assessing food and drink consumption are food frequency questionnaires, dietary record, dietary history, or h recall.
Some observational studies and many controlled feeding studies have documented that linoleic acid LAthe predominant n-6 PUFA in the Western diet and primarily from vegetable oils and nuts e. Eur J Nutr 53 5: In addition, we reanalyzed data in ATBC study to adjust for the confounding variables similar to other included cohort studies in this meta-analysis Table 1.
Our inference about the plausibility of transitivity will be based on the following criteria: N Engl J Med In nutrition research, randomized controlled trials often address short-term interventions evaluating many dietary hypotheses in high risk groups with intermediate outcomes.
Effect of cocoa powder on the modulation of inflammatory biomarkers in patients at high risk of cardiovascular disease. Diet and prevention of coronary heart disease:Abstract.
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of death in the United States. The high content of polyphenols and flavonoids present in cocoa has been reported to play an important protective role in the development of elbfrollein.com by: Huedo-Medina TB, Garcia M, Bihuniak JD, Kenny A, Kerstetter J () Methodologic quality of meta-analyses and systematic reviews on the Mediterranean diet and cardiovascular disease outcomes: a review.
Am J Clin Nutr (3)–Cited by: · Cardiovascular disease (incidence); defined accordingly: myocardial infarction, coronary heart disease, coronary artery disease (angina pectoris, myocardial infarction), stroke (haemorrhagic, ischemic), and heart failure.
The following outcome assessments will be considered: record linkage (ICD codes), accepted clinical criteria, death registers, death elbfrollein.com by: Systematic reviews on health literacy have shown the association of this characteristic with outcomes and health-related behaviors in chronic conditions such as heart failure, diabetes mellitus, asthma, cancer, and chronic musculoskeletal elbfrollein.com by: 7.
· Systematic Review of Cardiovascular Disease Risk Assessment Tools Evidence Syntheses/Technology Assessments, No.
85 Investigators: Michael Matheny, MD, MSPH, Melissa L McPheeters, PhD, MPH, Allison Glasser, BA, Nate Mercaldo, MS, Rachel B Weaver, BE, Rebecca N Jerome, MLIS, MPH, Rachel Walden, MLIS, J Nikki McKoy, MPH, Jason Pritchett, MD, and Chris Cited by: · Mozaffarian D, Micha R, Wallace S.
Effects on coronary heart disease of increasing polyunsaturated fat in place of saturated fat: a systematic review and meta-analysis of Cited by: